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Archive for the ‘Egyptian History’ Category

Sweets the Ancient Egyptians had

Posted by seshdotcom on June 22, 2009

The Egyptians loved sweets: sweetened beer
and wine, and marshmallows and licorice.
Among the world’s oldest sweets, marshmallow
confections date back to 2000 B.C.E. Egyptians
made a honey-based candy flavored and thickened
with the sweet, sticky sap from the roots
of the marshmallow (Althaea officinalis), a plant
with hollyhock-like flowers that grew wild in
salt marshes and in wetlands around the Nile.
This special delicacy was said to be reserved for
royalty, and for offerings to the gods. Until the
mid-1800s, marshmallow candies still included
many of the same ingredients the Egyptians
used. In modern marshmallow recipes, gelatin
or gum arabic replaces plant sap.

Marshmallows were very famous they used sap which is a watery solution of sugars, salts, and minerals that circulates through the vascular system of a plant instead of Gelatin that is used nowadays..

Sample Picture of Marshmallows

Sample Picture of Marshmallows

It was told in many books that  the Egyptians loved sweets beer and wine, and marshmallows and licorice(A Black Flavoured Candy).Among the world’s oldest sweets, marshmallow confections date back to 2000 B.C————————->Egyptians made a honey-based candy flavored and thickened with the sweet, sticky sap from the roots of the marshmallow,a plant with hollyhock(Very Tall plants of Family called Genus Althea)-like flowers that grew wild in salt marshes and in wetlands around the Nile river. This is a very special food that signifies the symbol of royalty and these are offered to Gods as a Offering. In modern marshmallow recipes, gelatin or gum arabic replaces plant sap.

Even Physicians Used Honey and other Sweetened Stuffs for their Medicine:

Egyptian physicians also used honey and the sap of the marshmallow plant in medicines and potions, especially in remedies such as medicinal wines used to treat sore throats this was followed as a Very Common Practice during the 19th century.

There is one more famous thing that the Egyptians used very commonly in many potions and herbal medicines they exported to other parts of the World:

One other plant the Egyptians both enjoyed as a sweet and in medical potions was Licorice this was used for curing Lung Diseases

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Agriculture in Ancient Egypt

Posted by seshdotcom on February 2, 2009

                                   Like all the other Countries even Egypt have the same caption Agriculture- – – – ->Backbone of the Economy.It was Built on a completely new technique called basin Cultivation.There were dams to Hold water near the Natural Depression areas when it gets filled with  water because of  inundation.The inundation often destroyed or moved boundary markers and damaged or destroyed canals, berms, ponds, and dams. Once the floodwaters receded, farmers helped government officials re-survey croplands. Damaged systems had to be rebuilt or repaired swiftly, so planting could begin.Mainly there were two kinds of wheat crops grown Triticum dicoccum and Triticum spelta.

          It was said that the ancient Egyptians were beer freaks so for that they Planted and cultivated a type of barley Crop called Hordeum vulgare.The very Important thing to be noted here is the Unity among the Farmers in Egypt they worked in concert to get the work done in one filed so that they can Plant some other crop in another field and the work was mainly carried out  using wood sickles with flint blades.I am not sure whether all the Agricultural people have these kind of a pastime but in Egypt the farmers had a very good pastime and work time by singing songs and drinking Gallons of Beer together as recreation acts  so that they wont get exhausted quickly—->I have heard of this kind of recreation in Indian Agriculture also I have seen many Village telefilms where the ladies would be singing the Traditional Songs called Naatupura Padalgal throughout the day taking turns but I am not sure of the Beer though 😛

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Papermaking in Egypt—–>Part1

Posted by seshdotcom on January 25, 2009

                                          This was interesting when I read about this—-The art of papermaking in Egypt.And I felt that the Egyptians were the Frontrunner for all the Prizes if something like Innovtive thinking  award is going to be given  


The extensively used Papyrus

The extensively used Papyrus




                   Paper made from the papyrus plant by cutting it in strips and pressing it flat; used by ancient Egyptians and Greeks and Romans

 Papyrus paper was made in single sheets and in long scrolls. Our word “paper” comes from the Egyptian word pa-pe-yo(This has a Pronunciation like an Fruit called Pappaya :)–he he  ), “that [plant] ofthe Nile.”The papyrus plant (Cyperous papyrus) grew in great quantities in the Nile shallows and in the swamps and wetlands surrounding the river, especially in the Delta. Papyrus was a forerunner or say an Predecessor of paper, although unlike true paper (which was invented by the Chinese), it is a laminated material (made in layers).Trusting to their amulets and magical spells.When demand increased, they grew papyrus as a crop.

                                And there were some more to tell about this let me write once I finish reading.

Stay tuned for Papermaking in Egypt Part2

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‘Osiris’ the father of Civilization in Egypt

Posted by seshdotcom on January 1, 2009

This Post is an different one compared to my other Posts on Egyptian Mythology.It mainly concentrates on Osiris and what happened to him because of seth who flim-flammed him.

Judge of dead

Judge of death

Osiris was the ancient king who brought civilization to Egypt. He married his sister, Isis. But his brother, Seth-(God of Deserts,Storms and chaos.), also fell in love with Isis, and wanted to be king himself.Seth tricked Osiris, then locked him in a casket and threw it into the river. Isis, bereft, searched everywhere for Osiris’s body. She finally found it at Byblos—Which was once a chief Port for export of Papyrus and it is located on the Mediterranean Coast and today this Byblos is called as Lebanon. Osiris was mummifed, and I was actually surprised when I read this–>The Mummy impregnated Isis and She gave birth to their son and his name is called Horus 

But it was a danger again for Isis that Seth finally found the Osiris’ mummy and he made it into Bits and Pieces and threw all those pieces into the Nile Valley but somehow Isis again managed to bring all the Pieces together it took some years for Horus to be Groomed into a Good warrior as soon as he grew up he was ready make Seth Pay for his acts, he indulged in a fierce Battle with Seth and the result was Horus made Seth Impotent(Unable to copulate) and Horus lost on eye to Seth.The eye of Horus that Seth tore out became the sacred wedjat—>A very Strong Magical Symbol

The Resurrection day of Osiris:

In Olden days the Coronation and other Great announcements,Annual Prizes distributed by the Kings to the People who excelled in ministry will take place in a day called Khoiakh–It is a day of Observance of the detah and resurrection of Osiris.And even the modern Egyptians celebrate this by sharing Gifts in an occasion called Sham el-Nessim—>This is an Annual festival taking place in Egypt to Thank the mother earth for giving Copious Vegetation.

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How did they keep track of days????

Posted by seshdotcom on November 9, 2008

People who first see the word Obelisk: Obelisk A stone pillar having a rectangular cross section tapering towards a pyramidal top(Courtesy:Wordweb)

The Tall Stone--A timekeeping device

The Tall Stone--A timekeeping device

The Older Egyptians were among the first people to subdivide the daylight and nighttime periods into very small increments. They kept track of these days and nights with very Old Aged Technologies/System but clever shadow clocks.Many Obelisk served as shadow clocks. The Shadows cast by these tall, slender, tapering, four-sided monuments, which date from as early as 3500 B.C.E.,enabled observers to divide the daylight hours into morning and afternoon. Marks on the ground nearby recorded the lengths of the shadows at various times of the year. On the longest day of the year, the shadow at noon was at its shortest length of the year. Other ground marks near the obelisk’s base indicated smaller subdivisions of time.But I think this was really one of the Greatest System the Egyptian People had because during that era—>There is no way for people to know that there is something called time etc.. etc.. what made people to find this—->It is because of the changing days and nights and Light….

Timekeeping @ Night:

The Timekeeping @ Night times was a very late innovation.The  Ancient Egyptians developed a device called the merkhet, one of the world’s oldest known astronomical tools.They also used a device called plumb-lines.Who knows The Egyptians may also have developed the world’s first portable timepiece—ancestor of modern watches.The Modern Watches/Clocks is it a Brainchild of the Ancient Egyptians

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Egypt the World’s First Super power

Posted by seshdotcom on October 13, 2008

EGYPT, THE WORLD’S FIRST SUPERPOWER, WAS BORN ABOUT 5000 B.C.E. in the valley of the Nile River in northeastern Africa,Fitting very closely into a long, narrow threaded by the river and bounded by steep cliffs.The Egyptians called their Homeland as Something called kemet which means Black Land.

How the Name Nile came????—

The Nile, one of the world’s longest rivers, flows more than 4,200 miles north from central Africa to the Mediterranean. The name “Nile” comes from the Greek word Neilos, but only we are calling the river as NILE the Egyptians called it simply iteru, “the river.”The ancient Nile had at least five, and as many as Sixteen outlets to the sea.And the Nile bend into two streams one is a White Nile which rises from Lake Victoria and other one is a Blue Nile which rises from Lake Tana.The two streams join at Khartoum(The capital of Sudan located at the confluence of the Blue Nile and White Nile).

How the water was taken to the people—There was an Overwhelming amount of water from the Great Nile thats sure—

The End of May is the time where there would be complete drought in the Nile. Nile was at its lowest level of the year, and the land was dry and cracked.And in worst case there would be floods which would make some Green Vegetation but sometimes become a nemesis for the planting and harvesting.The Egyptians are said to worship Vital Inundation that is the Flood which does some good things for the People as Hapi-I saw him in a Portrait he is Chubby God with Some plant growing from his head.They held festivals to honor Hapi they are said to have Worship God Hapi by throwing Flowers inside the river in a Particular day called Awru el-Nil, Which happens a national holiday that celebrates the inundation(The Mass inflow of water).

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