Sesha Utters

Blog of a Shiznit

Archive for the ‘Greeks/Hellene’ Category

In this Section I will give you some interesting stuffs about the archaic/Medieval Greeks which you will feel like reading and I am collecting some petty details and I am trying to Make a Separate Book with What Sesha Thinks about Hellenes-lets see how things pan out

The 10 year War in the Iliad

Posted by seshdotcom on June 29, 2009

The 10-year war in The
Iliad begins when Paris,
son of Trojan king Priam, is
called upon to judge a
beauty contest between
the goddesses Aphrodite,
Hera, and Athena. All
three offer Paris bribes,
but Aphrodite’s is the most
tempting. She promises
him the hand of the beautiful
Helen—who is the
wife of Menelaus, the
Greek king. Menelaus
launches an expedition to
recover her, assisted by legendary warriors
Achilles, Odysseus, Ajax, Nestor, and Menelaus’
brother Agamemnon, king of Mycenae and
commander-in-chief of the expedition. The Trojan
side is led by Hector, Paris’ brother.

This is for the people who are very new to the Hellene Stories:

Some Characters in this post:

1.Penelope:The wife of Odysseus and a symbol of devotion and fidelity

2.Odysseus:a famous mythical Greek hero

3.Ajax:A mythical Greek hero; a warrior who fought against Troy in the Iliad

4.Priam: The last king of Troy; father of Hector and Paris and Cassandra

5.Menelaus:The king of Sparta at the time of the Trojan War and also the brother of Agamemnon and more importantly husband of Helen

6.Achilles:A mythical Greek hero of the Iliad; a foremost Greek warrior at the siege of Troy

7.Nestor:A counselor to the Greeks at Troy

8.Aphrodite:Goddess of love and beauty and daughter of Zeus in ancient mythology

9.Helen: The beautiful daughter of Zeus and Leda who was abducted by Paris

10.Paris:The prince of Troy who abducted Helen from her husband Menelaus and started the trojan War

11.Athena:Goddess of wisdom and useful arts and prudent warfare; guardian of Athens

12.Hera:Sister and wife of Zeus remembered for her jealously of the many mortal women Zeus fell in love with also the queen of Olympian Gods

Other short notes on Achilles why was he weak in his heal???:

When he was a baby his mother(thetis) tried to make him immortal by bathing him in a magical river  Styx but the heel by which she held him remained vulnerable——his ‘Achilles’ heel’

Beauty contest results in war:

Hello to the Greek people!!! 🙂 I would like to write something about the 10-year war in The Iliad which was the very interesting section and the section which never Bores you and so it begins when Paris, son of Trojan king Priam(Who is also the father of Hector and Cassandra), is called upon to judge a beauty contest between the goddesses Aphrodite, Hera, and Athena. All three offer Paris bribes, but Aphrodite’s is the most tempting. She promises him the hand of the beautiful Helen—who is the wife of Menelaus, the Greek king. Menelaus launches an expedition to recover her, assisted by legendary warriors Achilles, Odysseus, Ajax, Nestor, and Menelaus’ brother Agamemnon, king of Mycenae and commander-in-chief of the expedition. The Trojan side is led by Hector, Paris’ brother.

The story narrates many conflicts within the ranks of the Trojans and the Greeks, including actions the gods frown upon that cause the battle to tilt one way or another. Finally, the long siege is ended when Achilles kills Hector. The Odyssey is an account of Odysseus’s trip home to Ithaca. It should have been a brief trip—just across the Aegean Sea and around the southern coast of Greece—but it ended up being a 10-year journey.

Along the way he and his men encountered an island inhabited by the Cyclopes, the one-eyed giant. They visited Hades(The God of death and has an army called Hades Shades), the underworld, and saw their fallen friends from the Trojan War. They put wax in their ears as they sailed past the beautiful but deadly singing of the Sirens, and farther on their ship had to sneak past a six-headed monster called the hydra.After more adventures,only Odysseus survived to return to Ithaca. He then had to reclaim his wife and kingship after a 20- year absence. In his absence, suitors had pressed his wife, Penelope, for marriage, claiming Odysseus must be dead. The Bow and arrow of Odysseus helped her to see him again and he cleared everyone

I wish to write more about Aphrodite and Achilles–In future you can see more..There is avery Big story of how the Styx river formed so stay tuned…

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The Famous Greek Archeological site

Posted by seshdotcom on May 29, 2009

The foremost oracle of the ancient Old World is Located on Mount Parnassus
above the Gulf of Corinth, in Greece. It was governed by a hoisioi, or “college” of
priests required to trace their family lineage(The Descendants) to Deucalion before taking office,
because he was believed to have brought the principles of divination to Delphi
from a former Golden Age overwhelmed by the Deluge. Mount Parnassus itself
was consecrated to Poseidon, the sea-god of Atlantis. Delphi’s Omphalos stone
characterized it as “the Navel of the World,” after the Atlantean mystery cult of
the same name. Practioners from Atlantis appear to have arrived on the shores of
the Gulf of Corinth, where they reestablished the antediluvian spiritual center no
later than the late third millennium B.C. 

New Words in this Post:

Antediluvian-The Period in between the Creation of Earth and Deluge Generally Deluge means Heavy DownPour of Rain but here Deluge means the Prehistoric Floods which was believed to have washed away the Earth and had a Huge impact

The Great Archeological Site of Greeks

Consecrated-Declared to be a Holy thing or there is another meaning being Dedicated for a Special High Purpose

The World-Beating oracle of the ancient Old World is Located on Mount Parnassus  Delphic oracle above the Gulf of Corinth, in Greece. It was governed by a hoisioi—>college of priests required to trace their family lineage(The Descendants)The preists made sure that the Delphic Oracle is always controlled by one of them from their Family and the control doesn’t go out of their Hand.Mount Parnassus was consecrated(Dedicated) to Poseidon, the sea-god of Atlantis. Delphi’s Omphalos stone characterized it as “the Navel of the World,” after the Atlantean mystery cult of the same name. The Followers of  Atlantis appear to have arrived on the shores of the Gulf of Corinth, where they reestablished the antediluvian spiritual center which is now a Great Historic Site

Below is the Picture from Wiki of Delphi’s Omphalos:

 

The ancient religious stone

The ancient religious stone

Courtesy Wiki

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Birth of Drama and Play in Ancient Greece

Posted by seshdotcom on January 8, 2009

 

Greek Drama Performers

Greek Drama Performers

                                     Greek drama developed as part of Athens’s festival tribute to Dionysus who is god of wine and fertility and drama and the Greek name of this Godess is Bacchus, the son of Zeus and a mortal The ban(The Ban refers to an ancient city called Thebes in the Nile river Valley) woman. Dionysus was the god of drama and wine. Every year playwrights were chosen to present their plays, primarily tragedies at first, then comedies as well, at the festival.The Plays were performed by the people at an outdoor theater each spring and there would be thousands gathering to watch the play.The first Greek plays had just a single actor and achorus, with the main emphasis still on singing and dancing

 

Winners:

                It was said that Aeschylus wrote 90 plays, including Seven Against Thebes*An ancient Egyptian city on the Nile River * and this inspired many films like The Seven Samurai and The Magnificent Seven and Aeschylus was credited with many Awards but but he was defeated in 468 B.C.E. by the 27-year-old Sophocles (c. 496–406 B.C.E.), whose plays introduced a third and later a fourth actor, expanding the importance and variety of dialogue in drama.Sophocles came to know the importance of the Dialogues and made use of that and that Inspired many people and he was rewarded

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The Constantine’s Constantinople

Posted by seshdotcom on November 29, 2008

The Constantinople Saviour City erected by the Saviour--->Constantine

The Constantinople Saviour City erected by the Saviour--->Constantine

I should say thanks to Flavius Valerius Constantinus who was the saviour of the Christians of Roman empire and the Architect of the city called Constantinople by 395 C.E(Common Era). the Roman Empire had split in half, reunited, and then split again. The Eastern Part including Greece, was ruled from Constantinople(The new name is Istanbul/Stambul/Stamboul). Even before this point, the Greek-speaking people of the  east was becoming the epicenter of economic political center of the empire, and it was the seat of four of the five bishops of the Christian Church, who were based in different Places like Constantinople, Alexandria, Jerusalem, and Antioch, Syria. Rome and the western half of the empire fell to invaders in 476 C.E(Common Era) and this Hellenized empire was later  known as the Byzantine Empire.

The Byzantine/Byzantium Empire:

The Byzantine(Byzantine/Eastern Roman Empire)emperors were aware of what they had learnt and some indeginous Qualities they had like for example they had two cultural Traditions. Rome had been famous for its highly developed system of laws and courts, as well as efficient government and a very very skilled/sophisticated engineering. The Byzantines also knew their roots went back even further, to the greatness of Classical Greece and its art, science, and philosophy.The Roman Empire would have expressed strong disapproval of at its peak, the Roman Empire stretched from Great Britain to the Middle East, from North Africa to Germany. The Romans did not conquer as wide a  path or strip as Alexander the Great had, but their control braved out longer. Through that dominance, a culture known today as Greco-Roman combined the best that both Rome and Classical Greece had to offer<——–>Greco-Roman world <——–>

Courtesy:Wikipedia for the Picture

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How is the Mythical Kingdom today????

Posted by seshdotcom on October 25, 2008

Greece is no exception when it comes to Unpeaceful life—->It was a war-ridden Kingdom—> Greece has gone through a Period of Rough Patch.The conflicts between the locals has led to many changes in Kingship and as you know Greece was one of the worst affected in the Balkan Wars(First Balkan War and Second Balkan War)and after that during the World War Two(II) the Mythical Kingdom was occupied by the Nazis(The German troops Under Hitlers Leadership).As we Indians Believe in the thing—–>Democracy always wins and it is the best system—–>The Hellenes believed in the similar fashion and the democratic forces eventually won, and in 1949 the Greeks established a government with both a top executive(i.e The King)and elected lawmakers–>Who amend or repeal laws.And in the early 1960’s this Government was replaced by Military dictatorship which lasted for a decennary and four years.And now Greece is an Independent country and their system of production and distribution reflects to their system in the ancient past like The Greeks have the world’s largest fleet of merchant ships and perhaps the most important thing to economy is Tourism,people from around the world come to explore one of the historic hearts of Western civilization

Next Post :About the Greek Architecture

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Everyday life in antiquated Greece

Posted by seshdotcom on September 27, 2008

The day to day life of the Ancient Greeks had a huge variation depending on which economic group one was born into or whether one lived in the city or the country. Within an Athenian aristocratic family, for example, a woman citizen lived more comfortably, materially, than her counterpart who sold wares at the market. Country folk in Attica-(One of the territory of Ancient Greece where a type of Ionic dialect is spoken)dreaded leaving their peaceful farms during the Peloponnesian-This is the place where the Athens and their Allies where defeated by Peloponnesian League led by a Group called Sparta-You can also see this link to know more about Peloponnesian War)and those women did not have any other profession after fleeing that place during that war were literally starving for food-As far as I am concerned I think there is no difference in the way people lived in the different countries during this era-Everything were based on your Economic Status

Shelter

Hey coming to the life at Athens–It was said that Athens was a heavily Crowded place during the early 4th and 5th Century.It was the same situation which is now all over the World there was no safety for people after it becomes dark and poor people didn’t have any shelter and they did what they can do-By building houses with Mud Bricks or loosely bonded stones and even Some of the poorest homes were put up against the side of a rock or in small cave-like openings of a rock wall.And there were Huge castles/fortress called Citadel streets where the People of higher social and economic status lived.

How did the Buying and selling Happen

This is how Agora looks like today-This was the place where the Ancient Greeks had their Market

This is how Agora looks like today-This was the place where the Ancient Greeks had their Market

The buying and selling of Goods Happened in a similar fashion how it is happening now there used to be a Place called Agora-(Oh this term is pretty tough to remember so I wrote it in a Book :))This Not only was a place for different Money Transactions and exchange of goods etc., but it was also the Place where mature men met to discuss politics and culture.And it is very hard to find Women over there shopping–but you can find House Slaves and Married men coming to buy things like day to day needs and food stuffs to be cooked.

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The Greeks Euphony -Something about Greek Music

Posted by seshdotcom on September 6, 2008

Hey in this post you can find something about the Music of the Greeks,And many Instruments that they used have become very popular now and It was an Astounding fact for me that Achilles was equally Good in Music as he was with his Armory and Weapons.Two new word I came across was lyre-Which is a Stringed Musical Instrument which can aslo be said as the Ancestoral Instrument and a forerunner to Violin

Olden Aulos-An Effective Piped Instrument

Olden Aulos-An Effective Pipe Instrument-A small Nadaswaram:)

Music was indispensable to the Helene’s and they never gave up their Love for Music.And the Credit goes to God Hermes( god of commerce/cunning/invention/theft)he was the one who made the first lyres when he was Playing with a Tortoise shell when he was a Small Child.Music was recommended by Plato as a standard part of a child’s education, and one of the famous Book in Greek Mythology called-The Iliad also has got some information which reveals the fact that-The Greek Hero Achilles was as skilled with his lyre as he was with his weapons. The old myths were sung as well as told, long before they were written down. The children’s of the Ancient Greek City called the Spartan had their first lessons in their culture as songs.The works of poets were often regarded as songs, and by the year of some 500 to 600 B.C., the Carrying out or say recitation of poetry was generally accompanied by a lyre. The simpler form of the lyre could be found in all Greek homes.And I read that cithara which the Musicians Play in the Festival is one type of a lyre but it is very Complex.And among the Greek Community there was another type of festival performance called the Dithyramb(This is played usually in honor of Dionysus-The God of Fertility and Wine), a dancing chorus that evolved into drama.The word orchestra comes from the Greek word for “dance” (orcheisthai),And it is referred to as a Big Stage where the Musicians perform their Skills The aulos, a flute-like instrument that often had two pipes, was also popular and was often used to play dancing music,One Particular advantage in playing lyre is people can sing at the same time when they play the Instrument.

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The Kickoffs of Classical Greece

Posted by seshdotcom on September 1, 2008

KEYS:People who come across the word Spartans for the first time look here-Spartans is an ancient Greek city famous for military prowess; the dominant city of the Peloponnesus prior to the 4th century BC )

I know that many people are Greek Mythology freaks-where People like Achilles,Zeus,Poseidon,Hades would have filled up your thoughts now guys this is no more a Decription on Ancient age I thought of giving you something more Interesting of how people of this country started developing.I have made a writeup on this so have a coup d’oeil(A Quick look)through this.As there were no exact sources some places would contradict with the Original Greek History so Just go in a Casual Manner

This is where people started to improve their standard of living:Mycenae

The Archaeologists and the Historians consider that the Earliest evidence of the Greek culture to be a Group called Mycenaean”s”-As far as I Know these people had Separate Kingdoms but they shared a Common Language and Culture and this Mycenaean Civilization is said to have begun about some 1.5K Years Before Christ(B.C).The Mycenaeans were influenced by their neighbors, the Minoans,who lived on the large island of Crete(South of Greece). There is no one to beat these Minoans when it comes to Planting Crops and Agriculture Section-They Became highly popular because of this Agriculture and I still remember a Clan of people in Meghalaya offering some prayers which thanks the Minoans-for their Contributions to the field of Agriculture.And one more Interesting thing I would like to expose you is the thing I read about this Mycenaeans is-An array of bronze weapons and armor has been found at Mycenaean entombment-this is to indicate the wealth of these warriors.

Their Stronghold:Aegean Sea-

The Evergreen Hoplites

The Evergreen Hoplites

Look at the stuff rounded by red this was their stronghold for years

Look at the stuff rounded by red this was their stronghold for years

As somedays passed the Mycenaeans took the entire control of the Place called Aegean Sea and their Aggressive approach made them capture more and more Kingdoms towards the North and South side of Aegean Sea.The Mycenaean towns were much more centralized than the Greek city-states that would arise in a few centuries. Everything the society produced theoretically belonged to the king, and then local rulers distribute the wealth. Large palaces were built for the Mycenaean kings, and the one at Mycenae may have been that of the overall king.The Warriors were called Hoplites and these people are very effective in Battles that takes place in Land(Think of Age of Mythology-A Strategy game in which you will create a Warrior called Hoplites he takes 50 Gold:)).And during this period say around 1.4K-1.35K B.C there was a large migration into the Peloponnese Peninsula of the Dorian(One of the Linguistic divisions of Greece)people from the north and the Mycenaeans Ran away Quickly across the Aegean to Ionia, or Asia Minor, to safeguard their life.And after this particular Incident they lost all their palaces and Wealth to the Dorians

This was the Beginning of the Classical Age for the Greeks-And this is the first time I have made an attempt to write something about these Hellene Guys-ha ha Finally I have made it-I don’t know whether it would look Interesting for you???-But I certainly enjoyed while Putting altogether in a Sentence and Presenting it to you

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