We all know Potatoes are tuberous crops and it is very commonly used to prepare various dishes in Asia and in Europe but the astonishing fact is the Incas were the first to plant potatoes.Wiki says that the annual diet of a Person in this world is like 33Kg of Potatoes.
History of Solanum tuberosum:
It would seem that a potato is a potato but it is not so. The most common type of potato eaten in the world today is the solanum tuberosum, which is directly traced to Inca agriculture. In fact, the solanum tuberosum
was one of several hundred potatoes and tubers grown in the Inca Empire. Today, most potatoes worldwide fall under one of about seven different potato species. In the Andes, roughly 3,000 different potato varieties are grown and sold. Lima, Peru, is home to the International Potato Center,where some 5,000 potato species have been developed.
Preparation of the spud:
The Incas cooked potatoes in stews, baked them in coals, and prepared them for storage.The Incas developed chuño, Chuno is a freeze-dried potato made by the Quenchuan Community in the Parts of Peru and Bolivia .
Process of Making Chuno:
It is Generally told as a 6 days process where the potatoes were sliced thin and placed in neat rows outside, where they froze overnight. Each morning for several days, ice crystals were removed from the potato slices until the potatoes were dry. Freeze-dried potatoes fed Inca families through long winters and famines, and were stored in warehouses for feeding the army or hungry citizens.They were also placed at “rest stops”(Laybies)along Inca roads to feed travelers on their trips.
Courtesy Wiki/Inca World